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Pediatrics

This research is designed to provide basic science training relevant to specialty areas of pediatrics, and to prepare entry-level young faculty for research careers in academic pediatrics. Physicians presently in pediatric residency who wish fellowship training in basic science disciplines or in statistics, informatics or health policy

SIDS Linked With Loss of Hypoxic Sensitivity in Chromaffin Cells

  • Written by Ramaz Mitaishvili
  • Category: Pediatrics
The association between maternal smoking, or exposure to smoke, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) appears to be the result of nicotine exposure, which impairs chromaffin cells' ability to detect and respond to oxygen deprivation, the results of an animal study suggest.

Read more: SIDS Linked With Loss of Hypoxic Sensitivity in Chromaffin Cells

Hearing Test May Identify Newborns at Risk for SIDS

  • Written by Ramaz Mitaishvili
  • Category: Pediatrics
A newborn hearing screening test may identify children at risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), according to findings published in the July 3rd advance issue of Early Human Development.

Read more: Hearing Test May Identify Newborns at Risk for SIDS

SIDS Risk Higher in Infants of HIV-Positive Women Who Use Opiates

  • Written by Martha Kerr
  • Category: Pediatrics
Risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is 69 times higher for babies of HIV-positive women who used opiates during pregnancy than in the general population of similarly aged infants, Swiss researchers report in the November issue of the Archives of the Disease in Childhood.

Increased SIDS risk did not appear to be mediated by prematurity, low birth weight, perinatal HIV infection or antiretroviral drug exposure, according to Dr. Christian Kind and colleagues at Ostschweizer Kinderspital in St. Gallen.

Read more: SIDS Risk Higher in Infants of HIV-Positive Women Who Use Opiates

Adenotonsillectomy May Improve Cognition in Children With Sleep-Disordered Breathing

  • Written by Will Boggs, MD
  • Category: Pediatrics

Treating mild sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) via adenotonsillectomy in children can lead to improvements in cerebral blood flow and cognition, according to a report in the July issue of Pediatrics.

"Perhaps subtle behavioral changes that are known to occur in children who snore, may be reversible with amelioration of snoring," Dr. Fenella J. Kirkham told Reuters Health.

Read more: Adenotonsillectomy May Improve Cognition in Children With Sleep-Disordered Breathing

Salivary Duct Clips Control Drooling in Neurologically Impaired Children

  • Written by Will Boggs, MD
  • Category: Pediatrics
Interruption of major salivary ducts using vascular clips controls saliva and improves quality of life in neurologically challenged children, according to a report in the May issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery.

Read more: Salivary Duct Clips Control Drooling in Neurologically Impaired Children

Efficacy of Lasers and PDT for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris

  • Written by M. H. Gold, MD
  • Category: Pediatrics

Abstract

Acne vulgaris can represent a therapeutic challenge in terms of managing ongoing symptoms and preventing scar formation. While the copious variations of available treatments address milder forms of the disease, until recently, therapies for resistant or moderate-to-severe forms were limited to systemic agents that were accompanied by potentially severe side-effects. With the addition of lasers, light sources, and aminolevulinic acid-photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) therapies, dermatologists may now have viable new alternatives for treating all grades of acne severity that circumvent the negative side-effects associated with many conventional options.

Read more: Efficacy of Lasers and PDT for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris

Acute pharyngitis in children

  • Written by Ramaz Mitaishvili
  • Category: Pediatrics
BIBLIOGRAPHIC SOURCE(S)
Michigan Quality Improvement Consortium. Acute pharyngitis in children. Southfield (MI): Michigan Quality Improvement Consortium; 2004 Apr. 1 p.
GUIDELINE STATUS
Note: This guideline has been updated. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is working to update this summary.
RECOMMENDATIONS
MAJOR RECOMMENDATIONS
Note: This guideline has been updated. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is working to update this summary. The recommendations that follow are based on the previous version of the guideline.

Read more: Acute pharyngitis in children

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