Chronology of Abkhazia through August 1999

Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
Washington, DC
September 1, 1999
     Reprinted from the September 1999 issue of Accord
     Published by Conciliation Resources
The Tsarist period
The Russian Empire expands into the Caucasus. Eastern Georgia becomes a protectorate of Russia in the Treaty of Georgievsk 1783. By the early 1800s other Georgian areas voluntarily come under Russian rule. Abkhazia comes under the protection of Tsarist Russia in 1810, preserving its autonomy until 1864 when North Caucasian resistance to Russia is finally crushed. Abkhazia becomes the last Caucasian principality to be forcibly annexed to the Russian Empire. Mass migrations to the Ottoman Empire and the Middle East follow.

The Sin to say Sorry

 In Response to a campaign "Sorry"
 Genesis 9:6, God said to Noah in instituting capital punishment, "Whoever sheds man's blood, by man his blood shall be shed, for in the image of God He made man."
This tells us something very important. It gives us the foundational principle of all human rights and all human dignity, and all other rules, commands, or laws that naturally follow, including the commandment not to murder. Humans are valuable in that they are image bearers. This distinguishes them from all other beings on the planet--or in the universe, for that matter. Human beings bear God's image.



Senior officials assess Geneva talks on Abkhazia

Georgian State Minister for Conflict Resolution and the ambassador of Georgia in the UN, Irakli Alasania have assessed the meeting of the UN friend countries held in Geneva on 12-13 February as successful. The two officials briefed in the office of the state minister on Friday. Antadze and Alasania discussed Georgian-Abkhazian conflict resolution during the visit.

Georgian Side Evaluates Negotiations In Geneva As Successfull

The Georgian side evaluates the Georgian-Abkhazian negotiations on resolution of the conflict held in Geneva on February 12-13 as effective and successfull.

Press conference by Permanent Representative of Georgia

 Military helicopters had entered Georgian airspace from the north and subjected villages in Upper Abkhazia to heavy shelling shortly after 10 p.m. on Sunday, 11 March, Irakli Alasania, Permanent Representative of Georgia, said at a Headquarters press conference this morning.


Group Calls for Abkhazia Apology

A Tbilisi-based human rights group announced the launch of a public campaign on March 14 aimed at repenting, as the group put it, the Georgian side’s mistakes of the early 90s that led to war in Abkhazia.


Georgia’s President to deliver annual report in Parliament

Georgia's President Mikheil Saakashvili will present his annual report in the Georgian Parliament today. His speech is scheduled for the second half of the day. According to preliminary information, the speech will last for an hour and a half, and will address various accomplishments and reforms undertaken in 2006, as well as country's future development strategies and directions.

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