Wednesday, 25 July 2007 13:40

Sochi Olympics and forgotten Circassians genocide: possible Apsua terrorist attack

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Sochi Olympics and forgotten Circassians genocide: possible Apsua terrorist attack Introduction
Russian tsarist forces acted in ways that allow one to conclude that their real goal was to remove entire Circassian nation from the ethnic map. In the tsarist campaign against the Circassians,  that lasted almost five years after Imam Shamil surrendered in 1860, official tsarist statistics show that more than 400,000 Circassians were killed, 497,000 were forced to flee abroad to Turkey, and only 80,000 were left alive in their native area. Furthermore this "ethnic purge," appears to be continues, and Russian Federation as the claimed successor to the tsarist empire and the Soviet Union efforts to merge the Republic of Adygeya into the surrounding Krasnodar Krai, where 2014 Winter Olympics will be hold. At the place where stands Sochi , villages of  Shapseghs, Ubykhs and Abadzekhs (closely related to Apsua) were burned down- while the crops growing in the fields were trampled under the hooves of the Cossacks’ horses. Shapseghs and Ubykhs vanished from the ethnic map.
As a response to Sochi Olympics, self-proclaimed Abkhazian Parliamentary Committee for Return activates its work to encourage returns from Circassian Diaspora to Abkhazia. Apsua Qaeda followers among them might try a retaliatory strike in the Russia.
Kremlins believe that they are controlling self-proclaimed Abkhazian government and support them against Georgia. But double-faced Abkhazian Separatists are gaining independence not only from Georgia, but claim independence from Moscow in hope to take revenge for Circassian massacre.

Winter Olympics in Sochi and possible attack from Apsua terrorist group.
In 2014, the Winter Olympics comes to the Russian Federation. The world's greatest athletes will test themselves and one another in Sochi, which is just 15 miles away from Abkhazia (break-away province of Georgia). It will also be a major test of ability to protect those athletes and an estimated million-plus visitors. And security for these Winter Games will be more thorough, more visible, better planned and better coordinated than any Olympics in history. Russia should  show the world that it can be  safeguard the Olympic ideal.
Every Olympics worldwide broadcast provides terrorists with an attractive target.  A terrorist attack could be direct as with the taking of hostages at the 1972 Olympics.  Equally likely is an indirect attack by taking advantage of vulnerabilities in a City’s critical infrastructure.  The drinking water supply and delivery systems are among a city’s most critical infrastructure.
Threat to tourists.
Demographic, socio-structural and socio-cultural developments have always led to changes in tourist demand and faced service providers in tourism with substantial need to adjust. War and tourism, the ongoing internationalization of tourism and the ageing of society (increasingly prominent in public awareness) have emphatically demonstrated the latent vulnerability of tourism as a boom industry. The survival of the tourist industry depends decisively on recognizing relevant trends and allowing for them in good time. Wars and violent conflicts, international terrorism, new diseases and epidemics and the increasing number natural disasters and extreme weather conditions have resulted in a current increase in attention to the need for security. It is reasonable to assume that new security risks and crises will take on a new scale, because of the growing shift in wars from the state level to, for example, ethnic and religious armed conflict, because epidemics can spread globally with extreme rapidity, and finally because extreme weather conditions seem to be becoming an increasingly frequent feature worldwide, with a growing scale of damage. Questions of security and tourist risks are accordingly becoming increasingly important for the future of travel especially to Sochi, host of Winter Olympics 2014. Today, a great need for security is apparent in all tourist target groups, where security covers a wide range: freedom from threats of war, terrorism, epidemics and natural disasters, reliable positive socioeconomic development, a desire for familiarity and order.
At the same time we see repeatedly that after a specific event awareness of a threat quickly fades among those wanting to travel.
Tourism as a whole generally recovers relatively quickly after every crisis, and particularly nonrecurring events and natural disasters. Even so, the question basically remains how the tourist industry will respond in future if risks occur more frequently and have increasing impact.
Where there were formerly attacks or hijacking which affected individual tourists, we are now seeing terrorism directed against tourists and tourist destinations. Terrorists use the tourist system to attract global media attention through spectacular attacks on tourists or the tourist infrastructure. As a result, tourists avoid these destinations, which again impacts the tourist industry. The greatest impact on tourist demand comes from terrorist attacks where tourists and locals are the direct target or victims of the attack.
Health Issues
As a result of the growth of long distance travel to countries with different climatic and hygienic conditions, travelers are at risk from a very wide range of diseases. In many of the so-called developing countries which are also often tourist destinations, 50 % of the total mortality rate is due to infectious diseases. The greater people’s mobility, for example as a result of tourist activities, the faster the consequences can spread. In the worst case, a local tourist crisis can spread a virus worldwide with great rapidity, as the global dissemination by travelers of SARS in early 2003 showed. The following aspects in particular should be drawn from the overall picture:
There is increasing inequality in income and living conditions, poor population groups and regions are disproportionately affected by diseases.
Growing poverty and population growth and growth in diseases are mutually reinforcing.
New and old infectious diseases appear everywhere and more frequently and spread faster.

Prevention of threat from Abkhazia
The risk perception of all the actors in tourism has so far been dominated by terrorism and acts of violence, but in future the emergence of other risk trends will lead to a more comprehensive understanding of tourist security.
As a result, risk communication will in future have to take on more diverse and new functions. The focus should be on the educational function in terms of risk prevention and an awareness about informed risk management. This applies to both travel tips and warnings by public agencies through the media, consumer networks, travel guides, direct advice locally to travelers and tourists and information services of travel operators and travel insurance companies. However, such risk communication must be given higher priority in the face of marketing and local interests. So far, risk communication has been virtually unable to communicate positive aspects and information – presenting greater security as a gain for travelers, rather than a restriction. This is due particularly to the fact that so far it has not been possible to evaluate many risks adequately and these are not an automatic element in corporate communication. It is likely, however, that risk communication could prove a unique feature in future which could improve or create market opportunities. A prerequisite for this is the existence of improved early warning systems and their systematic expansion and use.
Despite initial serious efforts at strategic early intelligence on tourist risks, major travel operators have so far been primarily concerned with crisis management. By contrast, virtually no attention is paid to structural causes for crises. Risk identification and management by the airlines is aimed primarily at measures to avert immediate danger and prevent terrorist attacks. New security strategies concentrate on preventive measures, ranging from improved check-ins to security measures on the aircraft. These measures are based either on initiatives by the airlines themselves or the implementation of national and international regulations. The hotel and restaurant industry is still in the early stages of risk prevention. Hotel operators are responding to new risks mainly with improved security technology, choice of location and risk management. Most major hotels or hotel chains have appointed security officers and cooperate with security technology companies. International hotel chains are also advised by risk consultants and security firms. However, these activities still have deficits in terms of considering structural crisis factors. In addition, there are limits in protecting tourists and tourist facilities, for example where security measures restrict the comfort - and hence the value in terms of the experiences enjoyed - of vacation travel.
Read 4632 times Last modified on Wednesday, 21 November 2007 13:09