Global and Environmental Health

This category is design to reduce the burden of human illness and disability by understanding how the environment influences the development and progression of human disease. To have the greatest impact on preventing disease and improving human health, the AISER focuses on basic science, disease-oriented research, global environmental health, and multidisciplinary training for researchers.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently released results of a study suggesting that some North American avian influenza A H7 virus strains have properties that might enhance their potential to infect humans as well as their potential to spread from human to human.

Multidisciplinary collaboration is needed to incorporate genomics into clinical care, according to scientists who have launched a new initiative to investigate potential uses of genetic testing in primary care. Their commentary on the topic, published in the July 29 issue of Nature Genetics, addresses the gap between research on gene–disease associations and the use of this information in clinical and public health settings. Their article also raises concerns about genetic tests marketed directly to the public and provides an update on the Multiplex Initiative.

Radical gastrectomy with extended (D2) removal of regional lymph nodes is the standard treatment for patients with potentially curable gastric cancer in Japan. However, adding para-aortic nodal dissection (PAND) to standard gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy did not improve survival, report Japanese researchers in the July 31 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

President Bush Signs H.R. 5501, the Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde United States Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Reauthorization Act of 2008

MRS. BUSH: Welcome, everyone, to the White House. Thank you all very much for coming for this signing of the Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde United States Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Reauthorization Act of 2008.

I'm so glad you all are here. Americans can be proud that our country is leading the efforts against global HIV/AIDS. And I'm proud of my husband's leadership in launching the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. (Applause.)