Substance Abuse

The AISER has identified four priority areas of drug dependence treatment and rehabilitation. By sharing of good practices the aim is to assist service providers to improve the quality of the services and to guide policy-makers in programming and planning. Special attention will be given to the needs of women and young people.

By Dr. Ramaz Mitaishvili 
The post Soviet era appears to be an era of unprecedented change. Nations are disintegrating in some places while in others they are forming supranational powers such as the European Union. Transnational threats such as narco-trafficking, crime and terrorism along with ecological problems, uncontrolled territories and large- scale population migration create new challenges for the legitimacy of governments.

Prospering Smuggling Prospers in Abkhazia May Pose a Serious Threat to International Community
The criminal situation in Abkhazia is getting worse. The central government has stated on numerous occasions that this territory is being used for the transit of drugs and weapons. Sokhumi calls these statements a provocation aimed at justifying an intrusion into Abkhazia by Georgian troops. However, it turns out that the accusations of Tbilisi are not groundless.

Issue 48 - June 2007
Quest Diagnostics is committed to providing your company with the widest variety of specimen collection options, not only within the United States, but throughout the world.

Quest Diagnostics now has strategic partnerships with over 100 collection sites across the globe to provide full service specimen collection options. Countries currently serviced include
Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, India, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Singapore, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Republic of Ireland and the U.K. (England and Northern Ireland)

Russian and AISER experts used infrared technology from an airplane to confirm suspicions that in Abkhazia (breakaway province of Georgia) is growing marijuana. The same team monitoring drug trade in Abkhazia voiced alarm at increasing drug use in Abkhazia and the self-proclaimed government’s role as a transit point for narcotics heading westward.

By Dr. Ramaz Mitaishvili
Opioid Drugs
- Opioid drugs include morphine, heroin, methadone, and codeine
Physical effects and withdrawal
- Opioids induce euphoria and sedation, are anlgesic, and depress the respiratory system.
- The intravenous method of drug use employed by many addicts (sharing of contiminated needles) contributes to AIDS and hepatitis B infection.
- While overdose may be fatal, death from withdrawal of opioids is rare unless a serious physical illness is present.
- Because of cross-dependence, opioids such as methodone can be substituted for illegal opioids such as heroin to prevent withdrawal.
- Regular use of opioid antagonists such as naloxone can be used tomaintain abstinence in opioid abusers.