This research is designed to provide basic science training relevant to specialty areas of pediatrics, and to prepare entry-level young faculty for research careers in academic pediatrics. Physicians presently in pediatric residency who wish fellowship training in basic science disciplines or in statistics, informatics or health policy

Risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is 69 times higher for babies of HIV-positive women who used opiates during pregnancy than in the general population of similarly aged infants, Swiss researchers report in the November issue of the Archives of the Disease in Childhood.

Increased SIDS risk did not appear to be mediated by prematurity, low birth weight, perinatal HIV infection or antiretroviral drug exposure, according to Dr. Christian Kind and colleagues at Ostschweizer Kinderspital in St. Gallen.

Treating mild sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) via adenotonsillectomy in children can lead to improvements in cerebral blood flow and cognition, according to a report in the July issue of Pediatrics.

"Perhaps subtle behavioral changes that are known to occur in children who snore, may be reversible with amelioration of snoring," Dr. Fenella J. Kirkham told Reuters Health.


Acne vulgaris can represent a therapeutic challenge in terms of managing ongoing symptoms and preventing scar formation. While the copious variations of available treatments address milder forms of the disease, until recently, therapies for resistant or moderate-to-severe forms were limited to systemic agents that were accompanied by potentially severe side-effects. With the addition of lasers, light sources, and aminolevulinic acid-photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) therapies, dermatologists may now have viable new alternatives for treating all grades of acne severity that circumvent the negative side-effects associated with many conventional options.

Michigan Quality Improvement Consortium. Acute pharyngitis in children. Southfield (MI): Michigan Quality Improvement Consortium; 2004 Apr. 1 p.
Note: This guideline has been updated. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is working to update this summary.
Note: This guideline has been updated. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is working to update this summary. The recommendations that follow are based on the previous version of the guideline.